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New Faculty Books for 2020

March 3, 2020

Sanford faculty members have been busy writing and several of their books are either out already or coming soon. Check out some of their works below with more to be added as they are published:

 

State of Empowerment: Low-Income Families and the New Welfare State

Carolyn Barnes
University of Michigan Press, March, 2020

Nearly one in four low-income families enroll a child in an after-school program. Beyond sharpening students’ math and reading skills, these programs also have a profound impact on parents. In a surprising turn, government-funded after-school programs have quietly become powerful forces for political and civic engagement by shifting power away from bureaucrats and putting it back into the hands of parents. In State of Empowerment Carolyn Barnes uses ethnographic accounts of three organizations to reveal how interacting with government-funded after-school programs can enhance the civic and political lives of low-income citizens.

 

 

The Power of Global Performance Indicators  

Edited by Judith Kelley and Beth Simmons
Cambridge University Press, February 2020

Global performance indicators (GPIs), such as ratings and rankings, permeate nearly every type of human activity, internationally and nationally, across public and private spheres. While some indicators aim to attract media readership or brand the creator's organization, others increasingly seek to influence political practices and policies. The Power of Global Performance Indicators goes beyond the basic questions of methodological validity explored by others to launch a fresh debate about power in the modern age, exploring the ultimate questions concerning real-world consequences of GPIs, both intended and unintended. From business regulation to terrorism, education to foreign aid, Kelley and Simmons demonstrate how GPIs provoke bureaucracies, shape policy agendas, and influence outputs.

 

 

Making Young Voters: Converting Civic Attitudes into Civic Action

John B. Holbein PhD’16 and D. Sunshine Hillygus
Cambridge University Press, February 2020

In 2016, 90% of young Americans reported an interest in politics. While 80% intended to vote, only 43% of people between the ages of 18 and 29 ended up actually casting a ballot. Making Young Voters investigates what lies at the core of this gap. The authors' in-depth, interdisciplinary approach reveals that political apathy is not the reason for low levels of youth turnout. Rather, young people too often fail to follow through on their political interests and intentions. Those with 'noncognitive' skills related to self-regulation are more likely to overcome internal and external barriers to participation. This book combines theory from psychology, economics, child development, and more to explore possible solutions rooted in civic education and electoral reform.

 

From Here to Equality: Reparations for Black Americans in the 21st Century

William A. Darity Jr and A. Kristin Mullen
University of North Carolina Press, April 2020

Racism and discrimination have choked economic opportunity for African Americans throughout the history of the country, from slavery, through the Jim Crow era to modern-day discrimination. William Darity Jr.’s new book, written with folklorist A. Kirsten Mullen, assess the inequalities and link monetary values to the historical wrongs and the cost of the justice denied since the Civil War. They explain how a reparations program could be executed, and what might have been had the promise to ex-slaves of 40 acres and a mule had been fulfilled. They outline the case for reparations not only based upon slavery but injustices that occurred after slavery and offer a roadmap for an effective reparations program.

 

 

The Gun Debate: What Everyone Needs to Know, 2nd edition

Phil Cook and Kristin Goss
Oxford University Press, April, 2020

In this thoroughly revised second edition of The Gun Debate, noted economist Philip J. Cook and political scientist Kristin A. Goss delve into the issues around guns in America. With a balanced and broad-ranging approach, the authors thoroughly cover the latest research, data, and developments on gun ownership, gun violence, the firearms industry, and the regulation of firearms. They deftly explore the origins of American gun culture and both the gun rights and gun control movements. Written in question-and-answer format, this updated edition brings the debate up-to-date for the current political climate under Trump and will help readers make sense of the ideologically driven statistics and slogans that characterize our national conversation on firearms. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in getting a clear view of the issues surrounding guns and gun policy in America.

 

 

The Paradox of Gender Equality: How American Women’s Groups Gained and Lost Their Public Voice

Kristin A. Goss
University of Michigan Press, August 2020

After women gained the vote in 1920, women’s organizations flourished and had increasing political and reform clout. But by end of the century their organizational energy was widely dispersed – nearly every issue was a women’s issue. Kristin Goss looks at what women have gained, and perhaps lost through expanded incorporation.

This edition has a new preface that looks at three influential women’s organizations in the 21st century: the League of Women Voters, the Million Mom March and Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America.  Goss writes,” Big problems often lead to a civic renaissance.  Even as women remain underrepresented in positions of formal power, they continue to dominate civil society where this renaissance must begin. And so it has.”

 

Fragile Democracy: The Struggle over Race and Voting Rights in North Carolina

Robert R. Korstad and James L. Leloudis
University of North Carolina Press, September 2020

North Carolina is on the front line in America’s battle over the right to vote—who gets to vote and how. The U.S. Supreme Court ruling striking down part of the Voting Rights Act led to the state’s voter ID law, and in turn to the Moral Monday movement. Korstad and Leloudis look at the history of this battle, telling the story of race and voting rights, from the Civil War to today. They show how fights over voting have played out over repeated cycles of emancipatory politics and conservative retrenchment. 

“The lesson in that history is clear,” the authors write. “Safeguarding our fragile democracy requires more than a battle against prejudiced attitudes and behaviors; it also demands that we uproot—at long last—a centuries-old system of power built on race and racism.”

 

Engaging the Evil Empire: Washington, Moscow, and the Beginning of the End of the Cold War

Simon Miles
Cornell University Press, October 2020

In this book Miles changes the narrative of the inflection point in the Cold War during the Reagan administration. Reagan gave his famous “evil empire” speech in 1983, while also pursuing “quiet diplomacy” with the Soviet Union.

Miles covers the five years on Cold War history, from 1980 to 1985, when Soviet leaders tried to reduce tensions with the U.S. to gain economic breathing room. He shows how covert engagement through back channels between the two powers evolved into overt conversation as both parties determined that open diplomacy was the best means of furthering their respective goals. Based on original research in archives on both sides of the Iron Curtain, Miles uncovers the deep roots of the seemingly abrupt end of the Cold War.

 

Democracy Declined: The Failed Politics of Consumer Financial Protection

Mallory SoRelle

University of Chicago Press, November 2020

Complex financial systems still require individuals to sift through the fine print to protect themselves from predatory lending and other pitfalls of consumer financing and debt. Mallory SoRelle argues that federal policy makers have failed to curb risky practices but instead favored policies encouraging easy credit and foregoing stringent regulation. Borrowers have focused their ire on banks instead of demanding lawmakers address predatory practices and create better protections.

“These are really issues of everyday life for most people,” SoRelle said. “These are issues that have a tremendous effect on the financial security and health and wellbeing of families and particularly families from marginalized groups. But despite how significant they are, and how really ubiquitous a lot of them are, they are not issues that political scientists have paid a whole lot of attention to until very recently.”